There’s more than one way to answer this question. Here’s two of the ways I thought of to accomplish the task.
Create a polyline where you want the elevations at a the specified distance. Create Civil 3D points using the Measure Object method, using the specified distance.
While selecting the points, right click and choose Elevations From Surface..., choose the appropriate surface. Then the points will have the correct elevations. Either print out the plan view or select the points in one of the point reports or copy the information from Prospector.
You can also use Profile Major Station Labels by adding a profile elevation property to the major station label, although this won't work on a quick profile (at least in Civil 3D 2010). Of course one needs to create alignments and profiles to do this.
You can find other methods here.